Population World Population: CO2 ppm World Carbon: 390 ppm

Wednesday, 21 December 2011

LEADERSHIP ?



Google has really been cranking out the solar energy investments this year.  Just a few months ago, the company put up $75 million rooftop solar installation  and in the spring they made headlines by investing $168 million in Brightsource Energy's huge Mojave Desert Project 
Now, in time to make us feel all warm and fuzzy during the holiday season, the tech giant has announced that they're investing $94 million in a group of four solar projects by Recurrent Energy.  This latest investment brings the total of the company's renewable energy investments to almost $1 billion.


The four solar photovoltaic projects will have a combined capacity of 88 MW and will be located near Sacramento, California.  The projects will provide enough power for 13,000 homes.   


PT

Wednesday, 14 December 2011

气候变化将对人类产生意义深远的影响

气候变化将对人类产生意义深远的影响

阅读本文的中文版本

David Attenborough 最新的电视系列片《冰冻星球》成为他在气候变化问题上的又一力作。现年 85 岁高龄的他解说了为什么――最终――他在这个问题上毫无保留。

David Attenborough: “气候变化对我们的影响之深远,将超过北极熊消亡的影响。”
他对《卫报》说:“我不是宣传员,也不是政治家;我的主要兴趣就是观察并试图了解动物的行为方式,”David Attenborough 说。我们的访谈是在 BBC 巨大的会客室里进行的。85 岁的 Attenborough 穿着便裤、衬衫和夹克,头发有些蓬乱。人还是那么睿智,也很和蔼。当我问起在他 BBC 最新系列片《冰冻星球》的录制过程中,面对因纽特人的时候摄制组人员有何时感受时,他听得很仔细。因纽特人的生活方式正在随着他们脚下的冰层而破碎。我告诉他,我对此感到伤心,但我想他不会轻易流泪。

“是的,我不会轻易流泪。不。[他停顿了一下。]不,但这是无法避免的。”

该系列片非常出色,制作上花了四年的时间。尽管他在片中大部分时间是解说员而非作者-出品人,这个节目还是被赞为 Attenborough 在气候变化问题上的杰作。但是 BBC 为这个片长达七个小时、有关南极和北极的电视片投入巨资,看起来有点像表达一种政治立场。
因此,在影片的最后,Attenborough 出现在现场,对着镜头,经过字斟句酌,以自己的语言谈论了正在缩小的冰川、正在变暖的海洋,以及人为造成的全球变暖所带来的威胁。“北极熊是一种惹人喜欢的动物,它的魅力能够很容易地得到人们的认同,”他说。“它很美,也充满野性;它吸引了很多人来关注它。但它只是一头白中带灰的熊,仅此而已。而所有这些重大问题需要一个吉祥物,而北极熊恰好担任了这个角色。”

“但气候变化对我们的影响之深远,将远远超过北极熊消亡的影响。”

Wednesday, 7 December 2011

Climate Concern in the UK?

The Environment Agency have confirmed that half of all UK households face the threat of drought restrictions in the new year if rainfall does not return to normal this winter.While we have heard statements like this before how many have been made in November!. Is the UK climate changing and if it is what are the consequences for all of us, the MET Office believe they have the answer following a study commissioned by the Department of Energy and Climate Change.

Short-term
The eternally fence sitting Met Office say there is unlikely to be significant change in the current UK weather over the next thirty days, if they are right we will have enjoyed the warmest November in 300 years. Taken in isolation there is an element of so what about it; however, when placed in context of global concerns about the increasingly apparent impact of climate change should we be concerned ?. I believe the answer to this question is a resounding YES, consider these facts and decide for yourself :

1. Following some of the driest weather on record over the last year in the highly populated regions of the UK, water suppliers have urged customers to start making savings to help cope with low levels in reservoirs, rivers and underground aquifers
2. The latest appeals by Thames Water and South East Water follow the announcement by Anglian Water this week that it has applied for a drought permit to take emergency supplies out of rivers
3. South East Water said it could not rule out a drought order, and Thames Water indicated that the company needed at least average rainfall this winter to avoid tougher restrictions such as bans on using hosepipes or car washes, and watering sports pitches.
4. Veolia Water Central was more concerned, saying: "We will need very wet weather for the rest of the winter for groundwater levels to recover by next spring.  

Together these six water companies cover much of central and south-eastern England and serve more than 11million of the country's 22million  households on the mains water supply

Met Office Facts
There has been a marked lack of rainfall across parts of the UK this year, with some areas seeing their driest January to October period on record. The Midlands and East Anglia have been particularly badly affected, but the whole of the south of the country is well down on normal rainfall levels.
Leicestershire, Warwickshire, Rutland and Shropshire have all had their driest first ten months of the year in the Met Office records, which go back to at 1910. Each of those counties has had just over 60% of the normal amount of rainfall we would expect for the period.
Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Huntingdonshire and Worcestershire are not far behind, as they have all notched up totals which are the second or third driest in the records.
District / Region
Jan – Oct total    
1971-2000 Average
% of Average
Comment
Northamptonshire
308.4
530.8
58
Driest since 1929, 3rd driest in series
Leicestershire
326.9
540.0
61
Driest in series
Warwickshire
335.9
552.7
61
Driest in series
Rutland
328.7
533.5
62
Driest in series
Shropshire
382.6
620.1
62
Driest in series
Nottinghamshire
322.3
510.7
63
Driest since 1959, 2nd driest in series
Huntingdonshire
297.0
463.7
64
Driest since 1929, 3rd driest in series
Worcestershire
355.4
550.5
65
Driest since 1921, 3rd driest in seri

As well as the recent dry weather, water companies and environment regulators are expecting the UK to have more frequent dry winters as a result of climate change. Combined with increasing regulation to force companies to reduce the amount of water they take from rivers to protect wildlife, and growing water use from a rising population, several water companies are planning major infrastructure projects to avoid future water shortages, including the return of major transfers between regions, and new reservoirs. Thames Water has also built a desalination plant to turn briney water from the Thames Estuary into tap water in emergency situations, a technology more commonly associated with parched Middle East countries.

CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE DURBAN
The Met Office released a global climate study commissioned by the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) at the COP17 Conference in Durban South Africa this week.

Headlines of the presentation in South Africa include the following :

  • 18,000,000 UK citizens will experience increased water shortage and will be increasingly affected by coastal flooding by 2100 if CO2 emissions continue to rise. 
  • The UN recently announced that emissions are rising at 2X that which is needed to see temperatures stabilise and there is broad agreement that the 2OC rise global target is no longer possible and 4OC should be considered a minimum
  • The Met Office Reports (MOR) cover 24 nations and applies consistent methodology allowing accurate comparative analysis
  • MOR comes at a time when South and East England is facing one of  its  driest years ever, we have sourced the data and are waiting until the year end to publish and analysis
  • MOR concludes as we would expect that rainfall patterns are unpredictable. However the Climate and Energy Secretary Chris Huhne concluded :

“Life for millions of people could change forever. This makes the challenge of reducing carbon emissions ever more urgent”

CarbonFix Foundation ( www.carbonfix.it ) will be issuing a Conference summary when it concludes at the end of the week.


PT